Over 150 Digital Accessibility Lawsuits Filed in June 2018

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At least 154 digital accessibility lawsuits alleging violations of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) were filed in federal court in June 2018.

ADA Lawsuits in June 2018

The retail, consumer products, services, and real estate industries particularly hard hit. Together, these market segments accounted for about 64% of all cases filed in June.

The retail and consumer products market segment accounted for 43, or approximately 28%, of the 154 lawsuits filed during June. Among those sued were a large number of cosmetic manufacturers and retailers, as well as several high-end clothing retailers.Consumer and business services firms were also hard hit, with 28 lawsuits representing 18% of digital accessibility cases filed in June. The bulk of these lawsuits targeted fitness chains such as gyms and yoga studios.

Real Estate rounds out the top three sectors hit by digital accessibility suits in June, with 27 lawsuits representing 17.5% of cases.

Continuing a trend begun last year, the vast majority of cases were filed in just two states: New York (109 cases, or 71%) and Florida (39 cases, or 25%). Although California is the number one state in the nation in terms of overall ADA lawsuits according to research by Seyfarth Shaw, only two digital accessibility cases were filed in federal court in California in June.

June 2018 ADA Lawsuits Stats

The overwhelming preference of plaintiffs and plaintiff’s attorneys for New York and Florida can be largely attributed to earlier court decisions in those states that were decided in favor of the plaintiffs. The 2017 Winn-Dixie decision set off a wave of website accessibility litigation in Florida, while the Blick Art Supplies decision had the effect of shifting many lawsuits against standalone websites to New York because of the favorable precedent. While a small number of lawsuits continue to be filed in other states, plaintiffs—and plaintiff’s counsel—are largely opting to file suit in New York and Florida when they have a choice.

Also of note is the fact that a whopping 110 lawsuits (71%) were filed as class actions. Until recently, it was rare for ADA suits to be filed as class actions, in large part because the ADA does not allow recovery of damages. It is not clear yet what impact the trend of filing ADA suits as class actions will have, but it could increase the cost of litigating claims while also potentially offering greater finality in the settlement process by preventing members of the class from filing subsequent lawsuits.

Level Access will continue to track digital accessibility lawsuits trends and will provide periodic updates as they are available.

Our Methodology: Level Access uses commercially-available legal databases to search all federal court dockets for lawsuits alleging ADA claims. The results are then reviewed and cataloged by Level Access’s legal analysts, who then compile the data on a monthly basis. While all of the cases in the database have been verified to include a digital accessibility claim, the database may be missing other cases that did not come up in our search. The database also excludes cases filed in state courts, which may have the effect of undercounting litigation in states that have their own laws prohibiting discrimination against individuals with disabilities (e.g., California, New York).

This blog post is for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice.

Working on a website can be difficult. Adding new media and updating pages is chore, even though you know your company website needs to evolve and become more accessible to the many users you are trying to reach. Maybe when you first built it, accessibility wasn’t even really discussed. But now you’ve taken a step back, looked at your customer base with a desire to include everyone and you’ve realized just how important it is to make your site accessible. However, the thought of building a robust site that can do all the things you want it to do is overwhelming.

What is Web Accessibility

A practice of designing and coding the website in order to provide complete compatibility in accessing it by people with disabilities. In addition, it is a way to improve search engine optimization only an ADA Compliant Web Designer will help you to make your website Compliant. Is your website compatible? By going through the checklist below, you can get the answer.

Assessing Current Web Pages and Content

  • The website must include a feature like a navigation link at the top of the page. These links have a bypass mechanism such as a “skip navigation” link. This feature directs screen readers to bypass the row of navigation links and start at the web page content. It is beneficial for people who use screen readers to avoid to listen to all the links each time they jump to a new page.
  • All the links should be understandable when taken out of the context. For example, images without alternative text and links without worded as “click here”.
  • All the graphics, maps, images, and other non-text content must provide text alternatives through the alt attribute, a hidden/visible long description.
  • All the documents posted on the website should available in HTML or another accessible text-based format. It is also applicable to other formats like Portable Document Format (PDF).
  • The online forms on the website should be structured so assistive technology can identify, describe and operate the controls and inputs. By doing this, people with disabilities can review and submit the forms.
  • If the website has online forms, the drop-down list should describe the information instead of displaying a response option. For instance, “Your Age” instead of “18-25”.
  • If the website has data charts and tables, they should be structured so that all data cells are associated with column and row identifiers.
  • All the video files on the website must have audio descriptions (if necessary). This is for the convenience of blind people or for having a visual impairment disability.
  • All the video files on the website must have synchronized captions. People with hearing problems or deaf can access these files conveniently.
  • All the audio files on the website should have synchronized captions to provide access to people who are deaf or hard of hearing.
  • All web pages should be designed so that they can be viewed using visitors’ web browser and operating system settings for color and font.

About Website Accessibility Policy and Procedures

  • One must have a written policy on website accessibility.
  • The website accessibility policy must be posted on the website at a location where it can be easily found.
  • The procedure should be developed to ensure that content is not added to the website until it has been made accessible.
  • It should be confirmed that the website manager has checked the code and structure of all new web pages before they are posted.
  • While adding the PDFs to the website, these should be accessible. Also, the text-based versions of the documents should be accessible at the same time as PDF versions.
  • Make sure that the in-house and contractor staff has received the information about the website accessibility policy and procedure to confirm the website accessibility.
  • It should be confirmed that in-house and contractor staff has received appropriate training on how to ensure the accessibility of the website.
  • The website should have a specific written plan if it contains inaccessible content. Also, it should include timeframes in place to make all of the existing web content accessible.
  • A complete plan to improve website accessibility should be posted along with invited suggestions for improvement.
  • The homepage should include easily locatable information that includes contact details like telephone number and email address. This is useful for reporting website accessibility problems and requesting accessibility services with information.
  • A website should have procedures in place to assure a quick response to the visitors with disabilities who have difficulty in accessing information or services available on the website.
  • Feedback from people who use a variety of assistive technologies is helpful in ensuring website accessibility. So make sure to ask disability groups representing people to provide feedback on the accessibility of your website.
  • Testing the website using a product available on the internet is helpful, These tools are of free cost and check the accessibility of a website. They may not identify all accessibility issues and flag issues that are not accessibility problems. However, these are, nonetheless, a helpful way to improve website accessibility.

Checklist of Action Items for Improving the Accessibility of a Website

In addition, while considering the above suggestions, the following checklist initially prepared by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services for Federal Agencies provides further guidelines on ways to make websites more accessible for persons with disabilities.

This practical advice, as well as another checklist, are available at:

Satisfying all of these items does not necessarily mean that a website complies with ADA, but it will improve the website’s accessibility and decrease the risk of litigation. Again, an Expert or Web Accessibility Consulting & Services provider should be engaged to conduct a comprehensive review of your website.
Nothing brings you closer to reality than actually facing it. This is the premise of my latest attempt to spread awareness about Web Accessibility.
For better understand, here is a link in which a practical example is shown to make the websites’ user experience better by following the guidelines. Also, it tells the issues affecting various users on the internet with solutions.
You can make your website ADA compliant in an easy way by consulting the professionals, who can do this job effortlessly. Also, you can get a quick website audit from To Be ADA Compliant that offers complete web accessibility consulting & services in California, USA.

Resource: https://dev.to/chinchang/an-interactive-and-practical-introduction-to-web-accessibility-22o1